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The Overrepresentation of Black Students
in Special Education Classrooms

References & Appendix /
Interview Questions

Kimberly Suzette Peterz
Chicago, Illinois


Bureau of Education for Exceptional Students, (1985). Administrators management conference: Education for exceptional students. Tallahassee: Florida Department of Education.

Gilbert, S., & Gay, G. (1985). Improving the success in school of poor black children. Kappan, 67, 133-138.

Gill, W. (1992). Helping African-American males: The cure. The Negro Educational Review, 63, 31-36.

Grant, P. (1992). Using special education to destroy Black boys. The Negro Educational Review, 63, 17-21.

Hale, B. (1986). Black Children: Their roots, culture, and learning styles, (rev.ed.). Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press.

Hilliard, A. (1980). Cultural diversity and special education. Exceptional Children, 46, 584-590.

Kubiszyn, T. (1990). Educational testing and measurement (3rd ed.). Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.

Reschly, D. (1980). Nonbiased assessment. Des Moines, IA: Department of Instruction.

Serwatka, T., Dove, T., & Hodge, W. (1986). Black students in special education: Issues and implications for community involvement. The Negro Educational Review, 37, 17-26.

Wilgosh, L. (1991). Underachievement and related issues for culturally different gifted children. International Journal of Special Education, 6, 82-93.

Ysseldyke, J. & Algozzine, B. (1983). Introduction to special education. Boston: MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Appendix - Interview Questions

Interview Questions

I. School System

  1. When students are tested for placement in special education are the psychologists conducting the tests Black?
  2. Do you believe the current placement tests are sensitive to various cultures?
  3. Has there ever been a case of misdiagnosis or misplacement in a special education program at your school?
  4. What would be the criteria for exiting a special education program?

II. Parents

  1. Has a parent ever refused special education testing for their child?
  2. Have you observed parental involvement after special education placement?
  3. Do you find that parental involvement increases or decreases after special education placement?

III. Teacher Training

  1. During your educational training, did you take any specialized courses focusing on cultural diversity and possible differences?
  2. Do you believe that specialized courses such as these would enable educators to understand Black children better?