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Cultural Responses To Social Conditions
from "New Creative Community"


by Arlene Goldbard
Richmond, California


1. Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Continuum, 1982, p. 91-92.

2. Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince, written 1513, translated by Thomas G. Bergin, Appleton- Century-Crofts Educational Division, 1947, p. 6.

3. Robert W. McChesney, “The New Global Media,” The Nation, Nov. 29, 1999, p.13.

4. Amadou Mahtar M’Bow, “Opening of Leo Frobenius Seminar,” Cultures, 6, No. 2, 1979, p. 144.

5. Sheila S. Coronel, “A Nation of Nannies,” iReport, Issue No. 2 April-June 2005; available at <>.

6. For “Development projects and the Adivasi: What kind of country do we want India to be?” see the Friends of Narmada website, <>.

7. Our Creative Diversity: Report of the World Commission on Culture and Development, Second Edition, UNESCO Publishing, 1996, p. 28.

8. Carlos Fuentes, Latin America: At War With The Past, Massey Lectures, 23rd Series, CBC Enterprises, 1985, p. 71.

9. Aidan White and Ben Hayes, Journalism, Civil Liberties and The War on Terrorism, International Federation of Journalists, 2005, p. 56.

10. From the introduction to UNESCO’s Culture and Development portal: go to <> and click on “Culture and Development.”

11. On the Center’s website at: <>

12. Our Creative Diversity, p. 30.

13. See, for example, Sen’s book Development as Freedom, Knopf, 1999.

14. C. Wright Mills, The Sociological Imagination, Oxford University Press, 1959, p. 10.

15. Arundhati Roy, “Public Power in the Age of Empire,” 24 August, 2004, speech; text at <>.

Published in In Motion Magazine February 19, 2007

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